malware

In this technology tip we have some definitions of the names you might have heard for various kinds of Malware. Software such as anti-virus, anti-malware, and firewalls are used to protect against activity identified as malicious, and to recover from attacks.

What is Malware & How do i remove it?

According to Wikipedia, "Malware" is:  "software designed to infiltrate or damage a computer system without the owner's informed consent."

Spyware or other malware is sometimes found embedded in programs supplied officially by companies, e.g., downloadable from websites, that appear useful or attractive, but may have, for example, additional hidden tracking functionality that gathers marketing statistics.

Software such as anti-virus, anti-malware, and firewalls are used to protect against activity identified as malicious, and to recover from attacks.

In this technology tip we have some definitions of the names you might have heard for various kinds of Malware.

Computer Viruses - a computer program that can copy itself to a computer without the permission or knowledge of the user. Viruses could be introduced to your computer from a disk, flash drive, CD.

Computer Worms - Similar to a computer virus but a worm can "Self replicate" itself to other computers throughout a computer network without any user involvement.

Trojan - These programs appear to be useful free downloads but when you download them to your computer you also download other unwanted and malicious programs onto your computer. Trojans could thus be used to install all kinds of malware onto your computer.

Spyware - Malware that is downloaded to your computer with the purpose of tracking or recording the user's activities without the user's consent. Such malicious software could be used to log keystrokes to get passwords, or just track internet search histories to target pop-up advertisements.

Adware - Some free downloads from the internet will ask the user for consent to install spyware software on the user’s computer as part of the download agreement. Such software is usually referred to as adware instead of spyware since the user has given consent to be tracked in exchange for some free software.

Web Cookies - These are usually harmless bits of text that are downloaded automatically whenever you open a website. The cookie is used to track your visits to a specific website. The creators of websites use cookies to gather data about who and how often their website is being accessed.

How to clean malware off your computer?

For starters, if you don't want to spend money of anti-virus are there many free subscriptions available - one that we recommend is Malwarebytes - this is a popular free download for finding and cleaning spyware on your computer, Whilst the free version of Malwarebytes will clean your computer of infections as you need it, a paid subscription service gives you real-time monitoring and peace of mind that your computer is protected from threats at all times: www.malwarebytes.org